A Bank Ratio Comparison (For my students)
We talked a significant amount lately about bank performance ratios and the various sources for this data. I grabbed bank efficiency ratio data from the FDIC Statistics on Depository Institutions for 2016 Q2 and plotted it against the return on equity (ROE). I did remove any banks with efficiency ratios above one hundred because there were some significant outliers. Students will recall this is not my favorite ratio because it is a bit too arbitrary and I think the graph bears this out.
I added in a linear regression line. You can see that as efficiency ratio declines, ROE increases, which is a good outcome, and the relationship is statistically significant (with over 5000 banks I would hope there was a significant relationship). The regression line seems to miss a bunch with the data plots though, so I am not thinking this is a great model.
At a very real level, a lower efficiency ratio (lower non-interest expenses as a share of revenues) should correlate with a better performing financial institution, and that can translate into better ROE performance (we talked about this measure too). However, it does not look like that is a guarantee from the scatterplot.